Bolsonaro’s social policies in 2022 range from gas coupons to aid in Brazil

In 2022, the year of the electoral race, the social agenda should be the flagship of President Jair Bolsonaro (PL). The effort in this area should be driven by two main factors: last year, Brazil was back on the hunger map after years of progress in this area – largely thanks to reflexes left by the pandemic of Covid-19. And the country’s inflation in 2021 was also the highest since 2015, according to the IBGE’s IPCA-15, making life difficult for the most vulnerable.

Among the “goodnesses” that should be bestowed by the current administration are Auxílio Brasil, the gas voucher, the flexibility of the ProUni rules, the Casa Verde e Amarela program and the Alimenta Brasil program.

Here are the main social policies of Bolsonaro in 2022:

Brazil Help

Auxílio Brasil, replacing Bolsa Família, is Bolsonaro’s main social policy in 2022. For many, the measure is seen as a platform for the current president’s re-election campaign. During his PL affiliation ceremony, Bolsonaro was even presented as the creator of the “world’s greatest social program”, in reference to aid.

The initiative, which is permanent in nature, began operating in November 2021, paying beneficiaries an average amount of R $ 224.41. With the approval of the PEC precatório, which opened up a space in the spending ceiling of over R $ 106 billion, the government began to pay, in December, a benefit with a floor of R $ 400.

All the families already covered by Bolsa Família – around 14.5 million – were automatically transferred to the list of beneficiaries of the new program, without the need to re-register. The government has also pledged to end the waiting list for aid, covering a total of around 17 million families.

Families in a situation of poverty (who have a monthly income of between R $ 100.01 and R $ 200 per person, on average) and of extreme poverty (who have a monthly income of up to R $ 100 per person) are eligible for the program. Poor families can only receive benefits if they have pregnant women or people under the age of 21.

To apply for the program, you must register with the Cadastro Único (CadÚnico), in the social assistance centers of the municipalities. However, the fact that the family is registered in the register does not imply the immediate granting of Brazil Aid.

Gasoline voucher

Another social measure for 2022 approved by Congress in October and sanctioned by President Jair Bolsonaro in November 2021 was the “gas voucher”, aimed at low-income families in the country. The aim is to minimize the effects of rising fuel prices.

About 14.6 million people, registered with the Cadastro Único, are expected to benefit from R $ 52 every two months – an amount that corresponds to 50% of the price of a 13 kg gas cylinder. To pay for the gasoline voucher, the executive signed Law 14.263 / 2021, which opens a special loan of R $ 300 million for the program.

Beneficiaries whose monthly family income per person is less than or equal to half of the minimum wage, or who include among their members, residents of the same household, who receive the continuous allowance (BPC). The assistance will preferably be paid to the woman responsible for the family and will be paid in conjunction with the Auxílio Brasil allowance.

The measure has already started to apply exceptionally in December for families affected by heavy rains in Minas Gerais and Bahia. They will have the right to transfer people from cities to states that have declared calamity due to the impact of storms.

On the other hand, the payment of the voucher for other families eligible for the program will be made from January 18, according to the regular payment schedule of Auxílio Brasil.

feeds brazil

In collaboration with Auxílio Brasil, the federal government has also instituted the “Alimenta Brasil” program, the objective of which is to promote access to food and encourage food production by rural family farmers, extractivists, fishermen. craftsmen, indigenous peoples and other traditional populations. The initiative, which is only expected to take effect in January, replaces the old Food Acquisition Program (PAA).

According to the government, Alimenta Brasil’s main objective is to encourage family farming, “by promoting the economic and social inclusion of the poorest family farmers. and regularity, for people in a situation of food and nutritional insecurity, in the perspective of the human right to adequate and healthy food “.

Green and yellow house

Despite its dehydration by the government, the housing program “Casa Verde e Amarela”, replacing “Minha Casa, Minha Vida”, will continue to be one of the main social policies of the government in 2022. as the government focuses on the Auxílio Brasil program.

Union money for the housing program has fallen over the past two years. It went from BRL 4.8 billion in 2019 – when it was still called Minha Casa, Minha Vida – to BRL 2.7 billion in 2020, the lowest value since 2012. For 2021, the Casa Verde e Amarela’s discounted allocation is around BRL 1 billion. . And actual disbursements totaled R $ 772 million up to October 15. In early 2021, President Jair Bolsonaro vetoed a budget of reais 1.37 billion for the program.

The program will have a budget of around BRL 1.17 billion next year, according to the 2022 budget report, of BRL 1.21 billion, and slightly above the program’s updated allocation in 2021. (around BRL 1 billion).

social policies in education

In the field of education, Bolsonaro adopted in 2021 an interim measure that relaxes the rules of the University for All (ProUni) program, for the cost of tuition fees, freeing the participation of low-income students from private schools that do not have not had a scholarship, as long as the monthly family income is up to three minimum wages. Some measures, however, do not begin to apply until the second half of 2022.

Initially, Prouni only covered students who attended high school in public or private institutions with a full scholarship. With the change, graduates of private education with partial scholarships will also be able to access the program.

From this year, the percentage of Blacks, Bruns or Aboriginals and people with disabilities will also be considered in isolation, and no longer together. In addition, in the selection of candidates, the possibility of exemption from presentation of a document proving family income and the situation of persons with disabilities is also included, when the information is available in the databases of government agencies.

President Jair Bolsonaro also issued an interim measure late last year that allows students in default with the Fies to renegotiate their debts, with discounts of up to 92%.

Diesel support and readjustment for all servers: promises left aside

In order to offset the rise in diesel, Bolsonaro also promised, without giving details, assistance to autonomous truck drivers in the country. However, the measure did not get off paper because of the lack of space in the Union budget, and also because of the low impact of the proposal among truck drivers.

“The price of fuel abroad is double. We know there is another country, but a lot of what we consume, or rather a considerable part, we import and we have to pay the price abroad. will be presented in the coming days, we will serve the autonomous truck drivers. About 750,000 truck drivers will receive assistance to offset the increase in diesel, ”Bolsonaro said in October.

“These are difficult times but we will not leave anyone behind. We regret it all, but we are doing our best, so much so that I can say that Brazil is one of the few countries that has suffered less from the issue. economic at the time of the Covid “, added the managing director.

Another promise that has been left out is the readjustment of civil servants next year. The exceptions are those of PF, PRF and Depen.

In an exclusive interview with Hora do Strike, on Gazeta do Povo, Bolsonaro said he was working for a raise of at least 1% and said there was no irresponsibility or intention to exceed the spending limit. The chief executive said he would take advantage of the fiscal space opened up by the PEC de precatório.

“And what is this adjustment? I already saw the governor of Rio de Janeiro there, he announced 10% for the civil servants. It’s cool, eh, politically it’s cool, there is a election next year, the official largely deserves it. our side here would not get there, “Bolsonaro said.

“He would have 3, 4, 5%, 2, which is 1%. That’s the idea. We are ending three years in my government without readjustment. Now the readjustment is not to restore all inflation, because we don’t have space for it, so there is no irresponsibility for my name, ”he added.

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