How will Auxílio Brasil be and who will be able to participate in the new Bolsa Família?

Bolsonaro and the ministers go to Congress to hand over the provisional measure of the new Bolsa Família: the program will be called Auxílio Brasil. Photo: Marcelo Camargo / Agência Brasil

The Auxílio Brasil program, which replaces Bolsa Família, must provide at least eight types of financial benefits. Gazeta do Povo had access to the text of the provisional measure (MP) which was handed over by President Jair Bolsonaro to the President of the Chamber of Deputies, Arthur Lira (PP-AL), this Monday (9).

The document provides for benefits such as daycare vouchers, assistance to pupils who stand out in school sports competitions and in academic and scientific competitions. In addition, it should benefit rural producers and beneficiaries of Auxílio Brasil who find employment. The initiative, like Bolsa Família, targets families living in poverty and extreme poverty. The payment of benefits will preferably be made to the woman.

The MP is expected to be published in the Official Journal of the Union (DOU) on Monday, in an extra edition, taking effect immediately. The measure also institutes another program, called “Alimenta Brasil”, to replace the food procurement program.

But Auxílio Brasil could become “unworkable” if the government does not approve a proposed amendment to the Constitution (PEC) which allows the payment of the precatório (debts recognized by the courts) of the Union. The proposal was also presented to Congress on Monday. Part of the money to finance Auxílio Brasil will come precisely from the money that the government will save, initially, by dividing up court decisions.

The government’s idea is to postpone a mandatory expenditure which consumes a large part of the budget, and which should increase considerably with monetary corrections. In 2022, an election year, the precarious in the federal government could reach a figure of 90 billion reais, much more than the 55 billion reais of 2021.

Scope of Brazil’s assistance

The new program must reach more beneficiaries. Currently, around 14 million people are affected by Bolsa Família. This number is expected to increase to 16 million with Auxílio Brasil.

The initiative is aimed at families in extreme poverty (monthly income up to R $ 89 per person) and families in poverty (monthly income between R $ 89 and R $ 178 per person) who are in their composition of pregnant women or people under 21 incomplete.

The text of the PM defines the format of the new program, with the advantages associated with it, but does not present the amounts that will be paid to beneficiaries. The government must define the amount by September and start distributing it in November. Bolsonaro said there should be a 50% increase in the average ticket price paid by the program, which is currently R $ 192.

Early childhood, scientific initiation and encouragement to sport

One of the advantages of Auxílio Brasil is the “Primeira Infância”, aimed at families with children aged between zero and 36 months. The Union must also grant a kind of “voucher”, called “Citizen’s Aid to Childhood”, intended for full or part-time access for children to daycare centers, regulated or approved, which offer early childhood education. .

The objective is to expand the care of children in daycare centers. In the deputy’s text, the government recalls that the aid has a complementary character and does not remove the obligation of the public authorities to offer aid and the expansion of day care centers in the public education system.

A “school sports allowance”, on the other hand, should be awarded to pupils aged 12 to 17 who excel in official competitions of the school games system. In PM, the government does not specify values.

The government also wants to encourage children, adolescents and young people to perform in science and technology. This is to be done through the Junior Science Initiation Fellowship. The benefit is intended for students who stand out in academic and scientific competitions related to basic education themes.

Rural aid and urban productive inclusion

This aid should be given to encourage “the production, donation and consumption of healthy food by family farmers for family consumption”. However, only families residing in municipalities that have signed a membership contract with the Ministry of Citizenship will be able to benefit from the allowance.

Aid for urban productive inclusion, on the other hand, is the only one that can be combined with the other advantages, aids and grants of the Auxílio Brasil program. It is aimed at citizens who are already beneficiaries and able to find a job.

Sources of funding and rules of emancipation

In the deputy, the government speaks, without going into details, of using “multiple sources of funding”, including partnerships with the private sector, federated entities, other public authorities, multilateral organizations, organizations of civil society and other national and international institutions.

The government also sets rules for emancipation. In this case, families whose income exceeds the program ceiling can be beneficiaries for up to two years, as long as the per capita income remains below two and a half times the poverty line.

Programa Alimenta Brazil

The MP also institutes the Programa Alimenta Brasil, a substitute for the Food Acquisition Program, created in 2003. The objective is to encourage family farming as well as the consumption and promotion of the food it produces.

In the text, the government declares that it wants to “promote access to food, in the necessary quantity, quality and regularity, for people in a situation of food and nutritional insecurity, in the perspective of the human right to adequate and healthy food.

The fact remains that he wants to “promote the food supply, which includes public purchases of foodstuffs, support the creation of stocks by cooperatives and other family farming organizations, and strengthen local and regional marketing circuits and networks”.

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