Chamber of Deputies postponed vote on income tax reform for the second time | Photo: Cleia Viana / Chamber of Deputies
Scheduled to be voted on during this Tuesday session (17) of the Chamber of Deputies, the income tax reform bill has been postponed until next week after an agreement sealed in plenary between the deputies of the opposition and government officials. The idea of President Arthur Lira (PP-AL) was that the main text be analyzed this Tuesday and that only the highlights remain for next week.
During the analysis of a request to withdraw the file from the agenda, presented by the PSOL, the leader of the minority, Marcelo Freixo (PSB-RJ), suggested to Lira to leave the vote on the text basics and highlights for the next week. Leading the caucus, the head of government, Ricardo Barros (PP-AL), agreed with Freixo, surprising leaders of other parties, who had already voted against the withdrawal.
“To meet the demand of the majority of parliamentarians, which is to reduce [a tributação sobre] dividends at 10% the first year, for later [subir para] 20%, then we will have losses for the municipalities. We serve one side and ignore the other, ”Barros explained. “I suggest that we accept the parliamentarians’ request and, instead of voting on the text today and leaving the highlights for next week, we leave all the votes for next week, so that we can come up with a solution. “
After the speech of the deputy, parties like PSL, Solidarity, PL, PP, PSD, PSDB, Democrats and Podemos, which had guided their deputies to vote against the deletion of the agenda, changed direction, joining PSOL , PT, Rede, PV and Novo by adjournment. Conversely, the PDT, which had come out in favor of the withdrawal, changed its position by voting in session. In the end, the score is 390 votes in favor of the request, 99 against and one abstention.
The rapporteur for the bill, MP Celso Sabino (PSDB-PA), who has already presented four opinions on the government’s proposal, has indicated that he should present a fifth version of his deputy until further discussion in plenary. “This rapporteur is 100% available to each of the 513 deputies in this Assembly, from all party caucuses. We will continue our work and improve the report as much as possible, ”he said.
He pointed out that the project exempts low-income people and micro and small businesses from the tax. “There are 1.1 million businesses that could leave this plenary today with the reduction in their tax burden approved by the House,” he said.
Among the main changes foreseen in the current text are the increase of the exemption range from personal income tax (IRPF) to R $ 2.5 thousand, the taxation of profits and dividends from 20 % and a reduction of 8.5 points in the corporate income Tax rate (IRPJ) and 1.5 points on the Social Contribution on Net Income (CSLL).
The text also limits the use of the simplified IRPF haircut, extinguishes the equity interest mechanism (JCP) for companies and modifies the rates of remuneration of fixed and variable income, as well as the time limits for calculating results on the stock market.
The project, however, is the target of criticism from both the business community and state and municipal governments. In a note published Monday (16), the president of the National Confederation of Industry (CNI), Robson Braga de Andrade, described as “unacceptable” the approval of the text, which, according to him, will increase the tax burden on productive investments.
The National Committee of State and Federal District Secretaries of Finance (Comsefaz), in turn, issued a letter in which it postulated the rejection of the proposal, as its approval would result in “an unacceptable reduction in state revenue. , throwing subnational entities into insolvency supervisor “.