readjusts taxes, but not what benefits the citizen

The State readjusts the taxes, but not the values ​​which serve as a reference, such as the table of IR, Simples Nacional and MEI. Which, in practice, makes the citizen pay more taxes.| Photo: Marcello Casal Jr/Agência Brasil

Federal collection for 2022 reached R$235.3 billion in January this year, 18.3% more than in January 2021. This may sound like good news and the state is celebrating the amount collected, but there is a problem: each good more in the account of the State means a real less in the pocket of the citizen. But how did the state manage to harvest more? Was it more effective? Generally, no.

At first glance, it seems that the state is more efficient by collecting more, but, in fact, the Brazilian state, in all its areas, has used a very simple, but very unfair technique. On the one hand, it readjusts everything that is owed by the citizen: all taxes, such as taxes, fees and contributions. On the other hand, it does not readjust all the values ​​which serve as a reference or as an authority for the citizen to no longer be taxed.

A clear example is the income tax table. With inflation around 10% in 2021, the backlog of the personal income tax table reaches 134.52%, as reported by the National Union of Tax Auditors of the Federal Tax Office of Brazil (Sindifisco National). That is to say that more and more Brazilians, who should benefit from an income tax exemption, are forced to pay taxes.

It doesn’t stop there. The MEI – Individual Microentrepreneur, a legal entity created in Brazil to regularize the self-employed, also has outdated values. When it was created in 2008, the MEI had a maximum annual income of R$36,000. Adjusted for the Selic rate – the same indicator used to correct amounts owed by citizens – today, the ceiling would be 110,000 reais. But current legislation sets the ceiling at R$81,000. The Federal Senate approved, six months ago, a PLP (Complementary Bill) to readjust the value to R$130,000, however, the bill must be approved by the Chamber of Deputies to enter into force.

Another example along the same lines is the annual limits imposed on micro and small enterprises to benefit from the Simples Nacional – Special unified regime for the collection of taxes and contributions due by micro and small enterprises, which proposes to reduce the burden of taxes on small businesses. The idea is good and simplifies the life of entrepreneurs, but Simples Nacional is outdated.

When it came into effect in 1997, Simples Nacional had a revenue limit of up to R$240,000 per year for ME (micro enterprise) and R$2.4 million for EPP (small port enterprise). Today, the limits are R$360,000 for ME, a 50% increase, and R$4.8 million for EPP, a 100% increase. In the case of MEI, the increase was 125%. On the other hand, since 1997, cumulative inflation has been 351%.

Thus, little by little, the lion snatches more and more resources, especially from the most humble and less educated people. It is no coincidence that the Brazilian state is considered the greatest promoter of social inequalities. A real ace at finding sophisticated ways to take from the poor to give to the rich and privileged in the form of wages and trinkets. Proof of this is that the high hierarchy of civil servants demands a readjustment – ​​and will probably achieve it, without first resolving these distortions which harm all Brazilian citizens. The state government of São Paulo, for example, has already given in to pressure from the unions and will grant a general readjustment of 10% for civil servants.

In fact, the one who needs readjustment the most is the Brazilian people. The real has devalued and inflation has increased, but the increase in the income tax exemption bracket, the ceiling of the MEI, the Simple Nacional brackets and so many other programs and social counterparties, three levels of government, continue without complete readjustment. . Brazilian governments should prioritize those burdened by the state, not those privileged by it.

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