The Chamber of Deputies has approved the deputy who creates the Auxílio Brasil program. Photo credit: Fernando Jasper / Gazeta do Povo
The plenary of the Chamber of Deputies approved this Thursday afternoon (25), with 344 votes in favor, the basic text of the provisional measure (MP) 1.061 / 21 which creates the Auxílio Brasil program, replacing Bolsa Família. 461 amendments to the draft were presented. The question must be examined by the Senate before December 7 so as not to lose its validity.
Brazil Aid began to flow on November 17 to around 14.5 million families. So far, the average benefit amount is R $ 217.18 per month. But the federal government expects the CEP for court orders to be approved and allow a larger contribution to the program, raising the aid ticket floor to R $ 400.
MP’s rapporteur Marcelo Aro (PP-MG) even determined that the benefit would automatically be readjusted each year by the National Consumer Price Index (INPC), but he went back and removed this point from the draft . The measure was rejected by the government’s economic team and encountered resistance from some of the deputies.
The new text widens the access limit for families to the program. That is, the extreme poverty line will drop from R $ 100 to R $ 105 and the poverty line from R $ 200 to R $ 210.
The approved deputy also prohibits queues to collect the allowance and removes the limitation of five beneficiaries per family, including the breastfeeding mother (a breastfeeding woman) in the family composition. Beneficiaries will be able to withdraw their funds in a lottery box and not only in branches of Caixa Econômica Federal.
During the vote, the opposition proposed increasing the value of the benefit to R $ 600 and the possibility of extending Brazilian aid to all recipients of emergency aid, but the points were rejected .
The MP is also creating the Alimenta Brasil program, replacing the Food Acquisition Program (PAA), which serves family farmers.
Other points raised by the rapporteur
In the opinion, Aro separates the services into a first group called “center for the fight against poverty” and a second classified as “social transformation” (such as sports aid, scientific initiation aid, child citizens , rural production and support for urban production). The measure is an attempt to counter criticism of the program’s lack of focus.
The MP also provides for the government’s annual accountability to Congress for the program, setting performance targets and creating some sort of “savings” account. In practice, low-income workers who collect social security contributions would be entitled to savings, which can be used to contain “negative shocks to their income”.
Who will receive help from Brazil?
All families covered by Bolsa Família – around 14.5 million currently – were automatically transferred to the list of beneficiaries of the new program, without the need to re-register.
Regarding the eligibility criteria for the program, so far, families living in poverty (who have a monthly income between R $ 100.01 and R $ 200 per person, on average) and extremely poverty (who have a monthly income) can receive the benefit up to R $ 100 per person). Poor families can only receive benefits if they have pregnant women or people under the age of 21.
With a new source of funds, the government intends to broaden the scope of beneficiaries, bringing the number of families served to 17 million, which, according to the executive, represents about 50 million Brazilians.
To apply for the program, you must register with the Cadastro Único, in the social assistance centers of the municipalities. However, the fact that the family is registered in the register does not imply the immediate granting of Brazil Aid.
With the eventual approval of the precatório’s PEC, the government must make an additional payment to beneficiaries so that the floor ticket is R $ 400 for all those covered by the program from December, with retroactive payment to November. Bolsonaro’s proposal was that the supplement be transitional, but the changes to the PEC established a final value.
What are the advantages of Auxílio Brasil and its values?
Nine benefits, grants and scholarships make up the Auxílio Brasil program. The first three listed below are part of the “basic core” of the program. Check the benefits and amounts that will be paid:
Childhood benefit: for families with children up to 36 months, paid per member who meets this condition – R $ 130; Family composition benefit: for families with pregnant women or people aged three to 21, paid this condition – R $ 65; Allowance to overcome extreme poverty: paid per family, for those who have not exceeded the extreme poverty threshold after payment of the first two allowances (Early childhood and family composition) – Variable amount, so it will suffice that the family income is above the extreme poverty line; School sport aid: for students aged 12 to 17 who stand out in official competitions of the school games system – R $ 1,000 in a single installment or 12 installments R $ 100 Junior scientific initiation scholarship: intended for students who stand out in academic and scientific competitions related to basic education themes – 1,000 R $ and m one-time installment or 12 installments of R $ 100; Citizen Assistance for Children: intended for children’s access, full or part-time, to daycare centers, regulated or authorized, offering early childhood education – R $ 200 for a child enrolled part-time or R $ 300 for a child child enrolled full-time; Support for rural productive inclusion: incentive for “the production, donation and consumption of healthy food by family farmers for family consumption”. Only families who live in municipalities that sign a membership contract with the Ministry of Citizenship will be eligible for the allowance – R $ 200; Aid for urban productive inclusion: intended for citizens who are already beneficiaries and who obtain a working relationship – R $ 200 Transition compensatory allowance: To compensate families who have had a reduction in the total amount received due to the end of Bolsa Família and the new financial allocation structure planned by Auxílio Brasil – There is no defined amount. The decree specifies that it will be “paid within the limit of one benefit per beneficiary family” and that “the Ministry of Citizenship will regulate the authorization, selection and granting” of this benefit.