Unemployment drops to 12.6% to 13.5 million in the third quarter

The number of self-employed workers also increased (3.3%). There are 25.5 million people in this category, the highest number since the start of the historic survey series. Photo: EFE

The unemployment rate fell to 12.6% in the third quarter of this year in Brazil, a drop of 1.6% from the second quarter, according to data released on Tuesday (30) by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and statistics (IBGE). According to the Continuous National Household Sample Survey (Continuous PNAD), the number of people looking for work in the country has fallen to 13.5 million (-9.3%). The number of employees reached 93.0 million, with a growth of 4.0%.

The highest unemployment rates in Brazil during this period were recorded in Pernambuco (19.3%), Bahia (18.7%), Amapá (17.5%), Alagoas (17.1%) and Sergipe (17.0%). The lowest unemployment rates are found in Santa Catarina (5.3%), Mato Grosso (6.6%), Mato Grosso do Sul (7.6%) and Rondônia (7.8%) and Paraná (8 , 0%).

The increase in occupancy is also mainly linked to trade (7.5%), with 1.2 million more workers, to industry (6.3%, or 721,000 people), to construction ( 7.3%, or 486,000 people) and domestic services (8.9%, with the addition of 444,000 people).

The number of self-employed workers also increased (3.3%). There are 25.5 million people in this category, the highest number since the start of the historic research series. This quota includes workers who do not have a CNPJ, which increased by 1.9% compared to the last quarter. With this, the rate of informality reaches 40.6% of the population. There are 38 million workers in this situation.

drop in income

According to IBGE data, despite the increase in the number of people employed, the usual real income of these workers was R $ 2,459, down 4.0% from last quarter and 11.1% compared to the third quarter of last year.

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