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The voluntary demand reduction program provides for the rationing of energy by industries to alleviate the water crisis. Photo: Fábio Rodrigues Pozzebom / Agência Brasil
The Ministry of Mines and Energy on Monday (23) released the rules for the Voluntary Electric Power Demand Reduction (RVD) program, another measure taken by the federal government to deal with the crisis. water – and the first in terms of consumption from the creation of the Chamber of exceptional rules for the management of hydropower (CREG) to the coordination of actions in the midst of the worst shortage in 91 years. The ordinance is included in an extraordinary edition of the Diário Oficial da União and is valid until April 30, 2022.
The guidelines restrict membership to large consumers such as industry, but the government has set minimum savings much lower than initially expected. To increase the scope of the program, the voluntary reduction in consumption should be at least 5 average megawatts (MWm) per hour. Thanks to this measure, each company wishing to participate could save 20 to 35 MW of energy per day, with production delays outside peak hours.
According to the MME, “the guidelines allow the industrial sector to participate and make an important contribution to ensuring the security of electricity supply, at a time when water scarcity poses great challenges in meeting demand. electricity in the country “. In return, companies that join will receive financial compensation for voluntary energy rationing.
According to the published regulation, companies must make their proposals for voluntary reductions in demand to the National Electricity Grid Operator (ONS) and they will be analyzed by the Electricity Sector Monitoring Committee (CMSE). In these “offers”, interested companies must communicate the periods during which they wish to reduce their energy consumption in windows of four to seven hours per day, with a minimum volume of 5 MW of savings for each hour.
If the agent participating in the RVD is not able to reduce by at least 80% of the amount accepted by the Operator and the Monitoring Committee, the situation will be considered as a non-compliance with the program and will result in non-compliance. collection of remuneration. Seven of these episodes, consecutive or not, will result in the cancellation of participation in the program.
So far, the government has not assessed the possibility of compulsory economic measures, but similar voluntary rationing programs for residential consumers are under consideration by the National Electric Energy Agency (Aneel).