What the Brazilian economy can gain with new technologies

Forecasts place agribusiness as one of the main beneficiaries of the arrival of 5G in the country. Photo: Pixabay

Brazil’s GDP could register an increase of US $ 1.2 trillion through 2035 with the implementation of 5G in the country. The estimate comes from the specialist consulting firm Omdia, in a study on Latin America commissioned by Nokia, one of the world’s leading suppliers of equipment for mobile networks. The value is equivalent to around 6.5 trillion reais, or nearly 90% of Brazil’s gross domestic product (GDP) in 2020.

According to the survey, the fifth generation of mobile telephony represents an opportunity to increase productivity, reduce costs and the emergence of new business models, with a consequent economic growth of 5% on average over the next 15 years. .

More than just an evolution of 4G, 5G can be seen as a new technology that promises significant impacts on internet usage thanks to key features such as high connection speed and low latency (time Answer). With the ultra-fast data flow, the novelty will benefit the common user, with more stability and speed, but the 5G revolution is expected for the productive sectors.

The wait is explained by the fact that common uses for entertainment, consumption of data such as videos, messages and the like are already considered sufficiently well served by 4G, which focuses on connecting people. In the fifth generation, the advancement of the connection is between devices.

According to Omdia’s study for Nokia, the main sectors benefiting from 5G in Brazil are information technology, government, manufacturing, services, retail, agriculture and mining.

5G is an opportunity to increase productivity and reduce costs

Applications such as the effective arrival of autonomous cars in the streets or telesurgery, with the use of robotic arms, are for the future. In the coming days, automation is expected to be optimized in industry production lines, with the use of artificial intelligence and machine learning to streamline decision making, increase reliability inventory controls, improve logistics and even ensure energy savings. .

Agribusiness can benefit from greater precision in soil control, livestock monitoring, pest control, and more accurate crop and production estimates. Meters distributed throughout the plantations will be able to send detailed information, in real time, allowing precise adjustment of irrigation needs; drones will monitor the condition of properties from above, with better conditions for perceiving health risks and capturing data to guide harvesting, with the potential for efficiency gains and cost reductions.

The use of technology can also serve as a tool to expand access to health and education in the country, with significant advances in telemedicine and distance learning. As 5G brings more reliability through faster data transmission, real-time health monitoring becomes possible and barriers for EaD should be reduced, with greater transmission stability.

Although they do not bring immediate economic results, they are advances with the capacity to have a significant impact, as they involve the training of the workforce and the well-being of the economically active population.

In part, there are already uses of the type of 4G, Wi-Fi or even wired networks, but “not those which are really transformative and will bring the leaps in productivity that the region needs”, according to the Omdia study. Another survey, carried out by Deloitte, indicates that 5G is the basis for innovation and transformation, with rapidly evolving strategic importance, especially for businesses.

The promises of 5G depend on access

It should be noted, however, that reaping the rewards of the promises of 5G depends on access to technology.

In the field, for example, there are still areas without any connection and which should immediately benefit from access to 4G, listed as a commitment by the winners of the auction. The tendency from there is that the bet on technological expansion attracts the attention of producers, interested in expanding the use of technology after the perception of productivity gains.

With this, the demand for 5G in the agro promises to increase, but it will still have to face another challenge of new technology in the country-continent: with the technology exploited in the high frequency bands, which cover from short distances, the antennas should be closer, and therefore more numerous.

For Bell Labs, an industrial research company linked to Finland’s Nokia, 5G can contribute to a significant leap in productivity, especially from 2029, when the constituent technologies are expected to reach 51% penetration.

The auction organized by Anatel was the first step, but 5G still takes a long time to reach all Brazilians. For the signal to become available, it will be necessary to build compatible infrastructures across the country, an investment estimated at 40 billion reais and which will be made by the companies that bought the lots for the operation.

According to the commitments established in the notice of concession of operating frequencies, the capitals and the Federal District must have coverage by mid 2022 and the extension to other municipalities will be done gradually until the maximum period. adoption of technology, which is July 2029.

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