Under the leadership of the Federation of Industries of the State of São Paulo (Fiesp), a manifesto in favor of harmony between the three powers generated new misunderstandings even before it was officially published. Entitled “The place belongs to the three powers”, the letter would be published in several media on Tuesday (31).
After a conversation between the president of the Fiesp, Paulo Skaf, the main articulator of the document, and the president of the Chamber of Deputies, Arthur Lira (PP-AL), the disclosure was postponed. According to the “O Globo” newspaper, it has been agreed that the document will not be released until next week, after the September 7 party, when pro-government protests are scheduled across the country.
The manifesto is perceived by some sectors as a political movement of Skaf, an early supporter of Bolsonaro and who will step down from the Fiesp command after 17 years. The businessman intended to run for the government of São Paulo in 2022 with the support of the President of the Republic, but ended up seeing his plans thwarted by recent statements by Bolsonaro in favor of the candidacy of the minister of the Republic. Infrastructures, Tarcísio de Freitas. , for the Palácio dos Bandeirantes.
Despite this, Skaf made a point of stressing, in the requests to join the initiative, that the message is not addressed specifically to one of the powers, but to all simultaneously. In the text sent to entities and unions to collect signatures, the president of Fiesp said that “more than ever, the moment requires rapprochement and cooperation between the legislative, executive and judicial powers and actions to overcome the pandemic and consolidate economic growth and job generation ”, according to“ Folha de S.Paulo ”.
In Gazeta do Povo, Fiesp informed that it would not comment on the case. Information reaching the public reveals that more than 200 entities, including associations, businesses and individuals, such as economists, must adhere to the manifesto. The post, constructed over the past two weeks, will be short, five paragraphs long, and will not mention names.
The newspaper “O Globo” and later the “Folha de S. Paulo” published this afternoon what would be the most recent version of the document, which circulated among businessmen in the early afternoon of this Monday (30):
“The place belongs to the three Powers
Praça dos Três Poderes embodies the architectural representation of independence and harmony between the Legislature, the Executive and the Judiciary, the essence of the Republic. This space was built by forming an equilateral triangle, the vertices of which are the headquarters buildings of each of the powers.
This provision specifies that none of the buildings is superior in importance, none invades the limits of the others, one cannot do without the others. In short, harmony must be the rule between them.
This principle is clearly present in the Federal Constitution, a pillar of the country’s legal system. Therefore, it is essential that all who hold relevant positions in the Republic follow what the Constitution imposes on us.
The civil society entities that sign this manifesto view with great concern the escalation of tensions and hostilities between the public authorities. The moment demands serenity, dialogue, political pacification, institutional stability and, above all, a concentration on the urgent and necessary actions and measures for Brazil to overcome the pandemic, to develop again, to generate jobs and thus reduce the social needs that loom large. ‘affect. Population.
More than ever, the moment demands reconciliation and cooperation of the Legislature, the Executive and the Judiciary. Let everyone act responsibly within the limits of their competence, obeying the precepts established in our Magna Carta. It is the desire of the Brazilian nation. ”
Banco do Brasil and Caixa threaten to leave Febraban after joining the manifesto
The biggest controversy to date is due to the membership of the Brazilian Federation of Banks (Febraban), which occurred under strong internal divergence. The presidents of Caixa, Pedro Guimarães, and Banco do Brasil, Fausto Ribeiro, both board members of the entity, opposed the decision. They see the document as a criticism of the federal government, which would fall on both banks, since the government is the major shareholder in both.
As various press vehicles have observed, in addition to Fiesp and Febraban, there would be representatives from various sectors, such as commerce and agribusiness. Some of the signatories of the document would be:
Institute of Industrial Development Studies (Iedi); São Paulo State Industrial Center (Ciesp); São Paulo State Federation of Trade in Goods, Services and Tourism (Fecomércio); Institute for Retail Development (IDV); Brazilian Association of Agribusiness (Abag), Brazilian Tree Institute (Ibá), Brazilian Rural Society, Brazilian Association of Electrical and Electronic Industry (Abinee), National Federation of Motor Vehicle Distribution (Fenabrave) ,); and the Brazilian Association of Machinery and Equipment Industry (Abimaq).
The inclusion of Febraban’s name in the list of signatories to the letter was confirmed on Friday (27), at a meeting attended by representatives from Bradesco, Itaú, Credit Suisse, JP Morgan, BTG, Safra, Santander and others, according with the “View”. Vencidos, Guimarães and Ribeiro, both aligned with the Planalto, reportedly announced that the state-owned banks would leave the federation, created in 1967, immediately after the publication of the letter.
The newspaper “O Estado de S. Paulo” found that the banks informed the government of their intention to leave the federation not only because of its support for the manifesto, because the very idea of the letter was born in Febraban. It was only later that the initiative would have been taken up by the president of the Fiesp.
In addition, the version that would come out of the entity representing the banks would be even more acerbic in criticism, even if it did not mention the name of the President of the Republic either. He spoke of “great concern at the escalation of tensions between public authorities, which endangers one of the prerequisites for the functioning of democracy: harmony between the Powers”, according to the newspaper.
Bolsonaro, Economy Minister Paulo Guedes, and Central Bank President Roberto Campos Neto are said to be aware of the public banking movement.
Asked about the issue this morning, Vice President Hamilton Mourão (PRTB) said Febraban and Fiesp are “pillars of our civilization”. “They are entities of civil society, with representation, and therefore they must always assert to the people they have elected, their thoughts and their needs so that there is greater harmony, say, and communion of efforts and interests between those responsible for governing, legislating and the rest of the nation, ”Mourão told Folha, arriving at his office in Brasilia.
Also this Monday (30), the deputy Aureo Ribeiro (Solidaredade-RJ), president of the Inspection and Financial Control Commission of the House, indicated that he will present a request for hearing of Guedes and the presidents of the two banks on the possibility of institutions leaving Febraban.
“You can’t play with that banking thing. This is serious business. Banks are important to the Brazilian economy. Now we are politicizing the banking issue, it makes it very complicated, ”the congressman told Folha.
The Minister of Economy, in turn, said he had been informed that the manifesto would be suspended. “The information I have is that there was a manifesto in defense of democracy, that there would be no problem, and that someone at Febraban would have changed that so that instead of to be a defense of democracy would be an attack. on the government. So the Fiesp itself would have said “then I am not going to make this manifesto”. And the manifesto is even suspended because of it. They can’t come to an agreement, ”Guedes said, according to the newspaper.
Skaf told CNN Brasil that publication of the manifesto had been postponed in an attempt to allow new memberships. According to the channel, there have been requests to extend the registration period until the end of this week, with some entities having to consult with their members and shareholders.